Often standards don’t need to be reinvented because there are some existing standards in the industry. But these are often too little process oriented to help with the integration and digitization. Therefore, different initiatives, such as the Terminal Industry Committee 4.0 or "Port Call Optimization" put these standards and new definitions in a process-oriented context.
Read full interview in PORT LOGISTICS BLOG: TIC4.0 – Standards: Why are standards in the port and terminal industry helping small ports? - PORT LOGISTICS BLOG (akquinet.com)